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Endurance (also called sufferance) is the ability for an animal to exert itself for a long period of time. In humans, it is usually used in aerobic or anaerobic exercise. The definition of 'long' varies according to the type of exertion - minutes for high intensity anaerobic exercise, hours or days for low intensity. Training for endurance can have a negative impact on the ability to exert strength unless an individual also undertakes resistance training to counteract this effect.
Endurance exercise Edit
Endurance exercise or endurance training consists of performing low- to medium-intensity exercise for long periods of time. E.g., jogging or running several miles to hundreds of miles; cycling dozens of miles to thousands of miles; swimming hundreds of yards or meters to dozens of miles or kilometers.
Physical endurance is differentiated in that in endurance exercise it is not solely fatigue of the muscles and cardiovascular system that force the effort to end. The need for sleep, the buildup of non-recyclable waste chemicals, the depletion of convertible energy stores and other needed chemicals (e.g., water, sodium), physical injury, or psychological failure can also bring the effort to an end. Hence, endurance athletes try to prevent this by the use of isotonic products and energy sources whilst exercising or before exercise, and by appropriate attire and training.
In equestrian sport, endurance riding refers to long distance races (often 100 miles) by one horse-rider pair. Endurance races were part of military history and also have a place in the history of the American West. The Tevis Cup is a famous race from the east to the west side of the Sierra Nevada. It is an international sport and is governed at the international level by the Federation Equestre Internationale (FEI).
The Shahzada is an Australian National Event With Riders Travelling from all over the Country to compete, it is a ride consisting of 160 km (or 100 miles) per day for 4 days
In the UK the official equestrian Endurance Group is called 'Sport Endurance.'
Auto racing Edit
In auto racing, endurance refers to long distance races, often leagues or more.